Update on Trace Mineral Requirements for Dairy Cattle

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Introduction

A host of nutrients are needed by cattle to support functions associated with life and to grow, reproduce, and nourish their offspring (i.e., produce milk). A vast amount of resources have been expended to quantify the amounts of …

Mineral Tolerances of Animals

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Abstract

Everything, including required nutrients, is toxic when consumed in great enough quantities. Signs of toxicity range from the mild (slightly reduced milk yields) to the most extreme (death). The maximum tolerable level (MTL) …

Appropriate Methods of Diagnosing Mineral Deficiencies in Cattle

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Introduction

Many minerals have been proven in research studies to be essential for optimal growth, physiologic function, and productivity in ruminants. Historically, testing for these minerals has …

Water-Soluble Vitamins for Dairy Cattle

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Abstract

Research on …

Selenium Sources for Dairy Cattle

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Abstract

Inorganic (selenite and selenate) and selenium yeast (Se-yeast) …